“Aloe Vera is one of those plants that benefit you from outside as well as inside!“
Aloe vera is a succulent plant species with a lot of uses. Not only is it medicinally beneficial, but it also has beauty and hair-related benefits. It is a relatively easy plant to grow and propagate.
Moreover, it is suitable to grow in all seasons and hence, does not require many complex conditions for its growth. With plenty of uses and easy-to-plant nature, Aloe vera is an essential home plant!
Aloe vera can be planted quite easily, just like any other home plant. However, propagation techniques differ from plant to plant. In case you are wondering “How to Propagate Aloe Vera,” this guide will provide you with all the necessary information!
Plant propagation is the technique to grow new plants from different sources – seeds, cuttings, or other plant parts. There can be further two types of propagation – Sexual or Asexual.
Sexual propagation occurs through the use of floral parts of a flower by the process of plant reproduction. On the other hand, Asexual propagation occurs through the use of vegetative parts of the parent plant – leaves, roots, or stems – regenerating themselves into a new plant.
Some varieties of Aloe Vera propagate sexually but most commonly Aloe Vera propagates asexually.
Aloe propagation occurs through the use of Offsets. Offsets are also termed as pups or offshoots and are clones that tend to grow on either stem or roots of the parent plant. These offsets rely on the parent plant for water and nutrients for as long as their own roots network is not established.
Offsets are not produced until the aloe plant is a few years old. A mature and healthy plant tends to produce offsets. However, their production can be encouraged using fertilizers, providing plenty of sunlight, and preferring growth seasons – summer or spring.
How to Propagate Aloe Vera?
The answer to How to Propagate Aloe Vera is quite simple. It can be done in two different ways. Both of them are described separately in steps for your convenience!
1. Offshoot Separation Method
This method can be a little tricky, but with a little practice and if done using the step-by-step approach, you can master it in a short amount of time. The following steps will guide you through the process comprehensively, leaving no doubt on your end.
Step 1: Begin the aloe plant propagation by looking for suitable pups on the parent plant. They are present on or around the stem or may be present at the base of the plant.
Select only the ones that at least have a few leaves and a root network of their own.
Step 2: After the selection of appropriate pups, carefully remove the whole of the plant out of its soil. You need to be careful with this step in order to not damage the roots of the parent plant or its offsets.
Moreover, while doing this step, avoid disturbing nearby plants as well.
Step 3: Once out of the soil, gently separate the pups from the parent plant. You may need a knife to cut them free but do not cut the roots at any cost!
Step 4: Once separated from the aloe parent plant, carefully examine the pups and their roots for any damage. Remove any spoiled or unnecessary parts without incurring any permanent damage.
Step 5: In the case of a few damaged roots with the potential to get better, immerse them in root hormone. This will aid in new root growth and development.
Step 6: Once all the prerequisites are fulfilled, pot the individual offset into its own pot of dry, well-draining soil. Do not tightly pack the soil as the roots need to breathe for a while.
Pot the parent plant back to its own pot, or you may change its position as per your liking.
Step 7: Do remember that the new plant will need some time to adjust! It is preferred to keep the new plant dry for a few days for the roots to heal from all the moving.
If the parent plant does not have any offsets, you may use the propagating aloe from the cuttings method. This method is not recommended due to its low success ratings.
However, if you still want to give it a try for any reason, follow the given sequence of steps to do it accurately.
Step 1: To start off, using a sharp and clean knife, cut off a part of the leaf from the parent plant. The cut does not necessarily have to be made from the very end. You can make the cut from any part of the leaf.
Step 2: After a neat and clean-cut, leave the cuttings to dry for a few days. You need to make sure the area where the cut occurred is dried.
However, there is a good chance of the leaf-cutting rotting. In that case, you will have to go for another cutting!
Step 3: Now, place the cutting in a pot of well-draining soil. Place it upright or let it lay on top of the soil. In this method, the roots can develop on their own without the need for a rooting hormone.
Step 4: At this point, you can start spraying your new plant with water to keep the soil damp. However, do not soak your soil yet. Once the leaves start to grow and roots develop, make a watering routine as per the plant requirements.
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